Gracillariidae : Lithocolletinae
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Photo © Antony Wren,  Lowestoft, Suffolk

Immature stages

Similar Suffolk Species
Phyllonorycter quercifoliella
Common Oak Midget
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Phyllonorycter messaniella
Garden Midget

(Zeller, 1846)321 / 15.040

Morley’s Final Catalogue: Very commonly beaten from birch and oak in Bentley Woods during May and June 1897-1934 (Mly); Holbrook and plentiful about Ipswich, bred at Shrubland from Spanish chestnut in 1934 (Whit.); common in Ilex at Glemham Magna and Leiston (Bloomf.); Mildenhall in 1934 (Mly).

Recent Status: A common species in Britain and Suffolk.

Life Style: This is a multi-brooded species that has been recorded from April to December. The larvae mine leaves of Quercus, Carpinus, Castanea, Fagus and occasionally on Prunus, Malus, Betula papyrifera, Ostrya carpinifolia, Nothofagus obliqua and Tilia. They pupate in the larval habitation. The larvae pass the winter and are thought then to feed on fallen leaves.

Identification: This species is particularly common at light in late autumn. The moth is very distinctive. There are four costal and four dorsal marks, a long narrow basal streak and a terminal spot. It is characterised by the second dorsal mark that curves towards the wing tip extending as a dark line to the apices of the third dorsal and costal marks.
The larval mine is very variable depending upon the foodplant. It is commonly quite small and oval or short elongate with a single ventral crease in the epidermis. Identification can be made on Quercus ilex and Fagus sylvatica where other Phyllonorycter species do not feed or are distinctive.

Verification Grade Comment: Mine: Accept if on Evergreen Oak, if not then rear through

Recorded in 49 (84%) of 58 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 1897.
Last Recorded in 2020.
Additional Stats

Phyllonorycter quercifoliella  |  Phyllonorycter platani >

List Species Records   [Show All Latest]
Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
24/11/2020+25TM34 - Hollesley/Rendlesham Forest
21/11/2020125TM24 - Woodbridge/Martlesham
08/11/2020+25TM34 - Hollesley/Rendlesham Forest
08/11/2020125TM34 - Hollesley/Rendlesham Forest
06/11/2020125TM23 - Felixstowe/Landguard Point
Show Details | 1990 to 2020 | 2000 to 2020 | Graph Key
Express Record Phyllonorycter messaniella
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Copyright © Jim Wheeler 2021

Wingspan: 7-9mm
Flight: all months of the year.
Foodplant:   Oak, Sweet Chestnut, Beech, Hornbeam, Birch, Plum, Apple
Nat Status: Common
Verification Grade:  Adult: 2  Mine: A
 Immature Adult
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Underlying maps using Digital Map Data © Norfolk Online Lepidoptera Archive - NOLA™ - Suffolk 2021. © James Wheeler - Norfolk Moths 2007 - 2021. Data © NOLA™ - Suffolk 2021
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