Tortricidae : Olethreutinae
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Photo © Paul Kitchener,  Eye, 27 June 2010

Similar Suffolk Species
Epinotia nigricana
Fir Bell
Approx Length (c. 5.5mm) Wingspan (9-11mm)
      
      
      
      
    
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Epinotia nanana
Small Spruce Bell

(Treitschke, 1835)1145 / 49.242

Morley’s Final Catalogue: Locally quite common on spruce-firs. Annually in my Ipswich garden to 1936 (Whit); Orford in July 1902 (Gbs); Leiston (Grey); Southwold, and plentiful among Scots-firs at Aldeburgh in 1892, also found at Flixton (Ctw). Brandon (Barrett); beaten freely from spruces at Barton Mills in early June 1916 (Elliott, Mly).

Recent Status: Less common than in Morley’s time.

Life Style: A single brooded species flying during June, July and August and coming to light. The larvae feed on Picea abies and P. sitchensis. The larvae hibernate. They pupate in a cocoon in the larval habitation or on the ground.

Identification: The smallest of the Epinotia species. The moth is not distinctively marked. It has a greyish or light brown wing with darker striations and three brown irregular transverse bands. The male has a costal fold. There is a similar rare E. nigricana but that male does not have a costal fold and the larvae feed on Abies alba.
The larvae of E. nanana can be identified by their feeding habits. They initially mine a leaf and then move to an adjacent leaf using a silken tube. They feed on this leaf from the tube and deposit frass in the previously mined leaf. More Info

Determination by Genitalia Examination (gen. det.) Required

Recorded in 9 (16%) of 58 10k Squares.
First Recorded in 1902.
Last Recorded in 2020.
Additional Stats

Epinotia immundana  |  Epinotia demarniana >

Determination
List Species Records   [Show All Latest]
Latest 5 Records
Date#VC10k Area
23/06/2020125TM24 - Woodbridge/Martlesham
16/06/2017+25TM34 - Hollesley/Rendlesham Forest
03/06/2017+25TM34 - Hollesley/Rendlesham Forest
01/07/2015125TM23 - Felixstowe/Landguard Point
16/07/2014125TM24 - Woodbridge/Martlesham
Show Details | 1990 to 2019 | 2000 to 2019 |
Express Record Epinotia nanana
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Copyright © Jim Wheeler 2020
   

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Wingspan: 9-11mm
Flight: June - August
Foodplant:   Norway Spruce, Sitka Spruce
Nat Status: Nationally Scarce B
Verification Grade:  Adult: 4
 Immature Adult
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Underlying maps using Digital Map Data © Norfolk Online Lepidoptera Archive - NOLA™ - Suffolk 2020. © James Wheeler - Norfolk Moths 2007 - 2020. Data © NOLA™ - Suffolk 2020
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